U.S. President Donald Trump’s first budget proposal includes massive cuts across most of the federal government. The Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Agriculture face unprecedented discretionary funding cuts in excess of 25 percent, as Trump attempts to boost the military and national security.
Proposed changes to agency discretionary budgets in 2018*
Funding eliminated for 19 independent agencies
And at least 61 other programs
Environmental Protection Agency
Clean Power Plan
◦ Creates national standards for carbon pollution from power plants and helps states develop and deploy clean energy alternatives.
International climate change programs
◦ Promotes clean and efficient energy technologies and the sharing of scientific climate research through multilateral initiatives and treaties.
Climate change research and partnership programs
◦ Research and report on climate change’s impact on the U.S.
Great Lakes Restoration Initiative
◦ Government task force focused on pollution cleanup, invasive-species reduction and wildlife protection within the Great Lakes.
Chesapeake Bay Program
◦ Regional partnership that oversees the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed.
◦ Certifies and recognizes buildings and consumer products that meet specific energy-efficiency criteria.
Targeted Air Shed grants
◦ Assists local and state air pollution control agencies in developing plans and implementing projects to reduce air pollution in highly polluted areas.
Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program
◦ Screens pesticides, chemicals and other contaminants for their potential effect on estrogen, androgen and thyroid hormone systems.
Infrastructure assistance to Alaska Native villages
◦ Assists Alaska Native villages with infrastructure projects to address problems with water quality, sanitation and other environmental needs.
Infrastructure assistance near the Mexican border
◦ Funds environmental infrastructure projects in border-area communities that will have a positive effect on health and the environment in the U.S.
Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants
◦ Provides grants to non-profit organizations that recruit and provide professional enhancement for teachers and principals.
21st Century Community Learning Centers
◦ Supports community learning centers that provide before-and after-school programs for children, particularly those in high-poverty areas.
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant
◦ Provides need-based grants of up to $4,000 to low-income undergraduates for postsecondary education.
◦ Helps states fund literacy programs for children, birth through grade 12, including those with disabilities and limited English.
Teacher Quality Partnership
◦ Funds initiatives aimed at improving the quality of new teachers through better development and recruiting methods.
Impact Aid Support Payments for Federal Property
◦ Provides funding to school districts that have a diminished tax base due to federal property ownership in the district.
Housing and Urban Development
Community Development Block Grant Program
◦ Funds programs that assist low-income people with housing issues, including the elimination of urban blight and other community programs.
HOME Investment Partnerships Program
◦ Provides block grants to state and local governments to create affordable housing solutions for low-income households.
◦ Funds programs to replace distressed public housing and promotes investment for neighborhood improvement.
Self-Help Homeownership Opportunity Program
◦ Funds nonprofit organizations that build new housing for low-income families through sweat equity and volunteer labor.
Section 4 Capacity Building for Community Development and Affordable Housing
◦ Works with nonprofit groups to fund community development and affordable housing initiatives aimed at low-income families.
Senior Community Service Employment Program
◦ A community service and work-based job training program for older Americans, including training for low-income, unemployed seniors.
Bureau of International Labor Affairs grant program
◦ Provides funding for research initiatives and projects in over 94 countries to combat child labor and forced labor.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration training grants
◦ Provides grants for training and education programs for employers and workers on the prevention of safety and health hazards in the workplace.
Mission to land on Europa
◦ Develop a spacecraft able to orbit and land on Europa, a moon of Jupiter, in efforts to look for signs of life, study Europa’s habitability and assess suitability for future missions.
Asteroid Redirect Mission
◦ Would visit a large near-Earth asteroid, collect a boulder from its surface and redirect the asteroid into orbit around the moon.
PACE Earth Science Mission
◦ Would study global ocean color, monitor ocean health and provide data on climate factors including chlorophyll and aerosol particles.
OCO-3 Earth Science Mission
◦ Would measure atmospheric carbon dioxide levels on Earth via the International Space Station.
DSCOVR Earth-viewing instruments
◦ Monitors solar wind to provide alerts and forecasts of space weather conditions including geomagnetic storm impacts on Earth.
◦ Produces climate data to test climate models’ projections, aiming to make future projections more accurate.
Office of Education
◦ Supports education in public elementary and secondary schools and informal settings, coordinates and disseminates findings of NASA research projects.
State, Treasury, USAID
Global Climate Change Initiative
◦ Provides financial assistance for global climate change initiatives in developing countries.
U.N. Green Climate Fund
◦ Funds projects to help developing countries mitigate and tackle the effects of climate change.
U.N. Climate Investment Funds
◦ Pairs developing nations with multi-lateral development banks to create programs to reduce emissions and combat climate change.
Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance Account
◦ Funds U.S. government refugee assistance efforts during unanticipated and urgent humanitarian crises.
Complex Crises Fund
◦ Provides rapid response funding to USAID to prevent violent conflict and mass atrocities.
◦ Strengthens relations among the peoples and nations of Asia, the Pacific and the U.S. through education and research initiatives.
Economic Development Administration
◦ Provides grants and assistance to create new jobs, retain businesses and stimulate growth in economically distressed communities.
Minority Business Development Agency
◦ Promotes the growth of minority-owned businesses through advocacy, policy, research and access to capital and contracts.
Manufacturing Extension Partnership
◦ Regional centers that assist smaller, U.S. manufacturing companies with adopting new technologies.
NOAA Sea Grant programs
◦ Network of 33 university-based programs that support and sponsor marine research, outreach and education projects.
Health and Human Services
Fogarty International Center
◦ Supports global health research initiatives, including infectious disease research in developing countries.
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program
◦ Provides assistance to low income families to help pay for their home’s energy bills and some energy-related maintenance.
Community Services Block Grant
◦ Funds projects aimed at reducing poverty in communities, including projects focused on education, nutrition, employment and housing.
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy
◦ Provides funding and support to short-term energy research projects aimed at improving the U.S. economy, environment and national security.
Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program
◦ Provides loans to support the use of new energy technology.
Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Program
◦ Provides loans to automotive and component manufacturers for facilities and engineering that support advanced technology vehicles.
Weatherization Assistance Program
◦ Provides grants to local governments to improve weatherization and energy efficiency of homes of low-income residents.
State Energy Program
◦ Supports local State Energy Offices in advancing energy efficiency and infrastructure.
Water and Waste Disposal Loan and Grant Program
◦ Provides funding for clean drinking water, sanitary sewage disposal and storm-water drainage programs in rural areas.
Rural Business and Cooperative Service’s discretionary programs
◦ Provides financial assistance for economic development programs in rural communities, including renewable energy and biofuel initiatives.
McGovern-Dole International Food for Education Program
◦ Supports education, child development and food security initiatives in low-income, food-deficit countries around the world.
Federal support for Amtrak’s long distance train services
◦ Subsidizes the cost of traveling on Amtrak’s long-distance routes.
Essential Air Service
◦ Subsidizes airlines for regular flights to and from small and midsize regional airports.
TIGER discretionary grant program
◦ Provides transportation infrastructure grants to state, local and tribal governments.
Small Business Administration
PRIME technical assistance grants
◦ Provides training and technical assistance to organizations that help disadvantaged entrepreneurs.
Regional Innovation Clusters
◦ Supports public-private partnerships concentrated in regional groups to strengthen small businesses.
◦ Funds startups that support underserved communities and areas with less access to venture capital.
Community Development Financial Institutions Fund grants
◦ Provides grants and support to local community-based financial institutions.
NFIP Flood Hazard Mapping’s discretionary appropriation
◦ Provides states and local entities with data about flood risks in their area.
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program
◦ Gives funding to states and local governments for correctional officer salary costs associated with incarcerating undocumented criminal aliens.
With assistance from Arit John
Sources: Office of Management and Budget, Bloomberg reporting